Export Formats

While there are many libraries and frameworks that work directly with Tiled maps, Tiled also supports a number of additional file and export formats.

Exporting can be done by clicking File > Export. When triggering the menu action multiple times, Tiled will only ask for the file name the first time. Exporting can also be automated using the --export-map command-line parameter.

Note

When exporting on the command-line on Linux, Tiled will still need an X server to run. To automate exports in a headless environment, you can use a headless X server such as Xvfb. In this case you would run Tiled from the command-line as follows:

xvfb-run tiled --export-map ...

JSON

The JSON format is most common additional file format supported by Tiled. It can be used instead of TMX since Tiled can also open JSON maps and tilesets and the format supports all Tiled features. Especially in the browser and when using JavaScript in general, the JSON format is easier to load.

The JSON format is currently the only additional format supported for tilesets.

Lua

Maps can be exported to Lua code. This export option supports most of Tiled’s features and is useful when using a Lua-based framework like LÖVE (with Simple Tiled Implementation), Corona (with ponytiled or Dusk Engine) or Defold.

Currently not included are the type of custom properties (though the type does affect how a property value is exported) and information related to recent features like Wang tiles and object templates.

CSV

The CSV export only supports tile layers. Maps containing multiple tile layers will export as multiple files, called base_<layer-name>.csv.

Each tile is written out by its ID, unless the tile has a custom property called name, in which case its value is used to write out the tile. Using multiple tilesets will lead to ambiguous IDs, unless the custom name property is used. Empty cells get the value -1.

GameMaker: Studio 1.4

GameMaker: Studio 1.4 uses a custom XML-based format to store its rooms, and Tiled ships with a plugin to export maps in this format. Currently only orthogonal maps will export correctly.

Tile layers and tile objects (when no type is set) will export as “tile” elements. These support horizontal and vertical flipping, but no rotation. For tile objects, scaling is also supported.

Warning

The tilesets have to be named the same as the corresponding backgrounds in the GameMaker project. Otherwise GameMaker will pop up an error for each tile while loading the exported room.gmx file.

Object Instances

GameMaker object instances are created by putting the object name in the “Type” field of the object in Tiled. Rotation is supported here, and for tile objects also flipping and scaling is supported (though flipping in combination with rotation doesn’t appear to work in GameMaker).

New in Tiled 1.1

The following custom properties can be set on objects to affect the exported instance:

  • string code (instance creation code, default: “”)
  • float scaleX (default: derived from tile or 1.0)
  • float scaleY (default: derived from tile or 1.0)
  • int originX (default: 0)
  • int originY (default: 0)

The scaleX and scaleY properties can be used to override the scale of the instance. However, if the scale is relevant then it will generally be easier to use a tile object, in which case it is automatically derived from the tile size and the object size.

The originX and originY properties can be used to tell Tiled about the origin of the object defined in GameMaker, as an offset from the top-left. This origin is taken into account when determining the position of the exported instance.

Hint

Of course setting the type and/or the above properties manually for each instance will get old fast. Since Tiled 1.0.2, you can instead use tile objects with the type set on the tile, and in Tiled 1.1 you can also use object templates.

New in Tiled 1.1

Views

GameMaker View Settings

Views can be defined using rectangle objects where the Type has been set to view. The position and size will be snapped to pixels. Whether the view is visible when the room starts depends on whether the object is visible. The use of views is automatically enabled when any views are defined.

The following custom properties can be used to define the various other properties of the view:

Port on screen

  • int xport (default: 0)
  • int yport (default: 0)
  • int wport (default: 1024)
  • int hport (default: 768)

Object following

  • string objName
  • int hborder (default: 32)
  • int vborder (default: 32)
  • int hspeed (default: -1)
  • int vspeed (default: -1)

Hint

When you’re defining views in Tiled, it is useful to add view as object type in the Object Types Editor, adding the above properties for ease of access. If you frequently use views with similar settings, you can set up templates for them.

Map Properties

General

  • int speed (default: 30)
  • bool persistent (default: false)
  • bool clearDisplayBuffer (default: true)
  • bool clearViewBackground (default: false)
  • string code (map creation code, default: “”)

Physics

  • bool PhysicsWorld (default: false)
  • int PhysicsWorldTop (default: 0)
  • int PhysicsWorldLeft (default: 0)
  • int PhysicsWorldRight (default: width of map in pixels)
  • int PhysicsWorldBottom (default: height of map in pixels)
  • float PhysicsWorldGravityX (default: 0.0)
  • float PhysicsWorldGravityY (default: 10.0)
  • float PhysicsWorldPixToMeters (default: 0.1)

Layer Properties

Both tile layers and object layers may produce “tile” elements in the exported room file. Their depth is set automatically, with tiles from the bottom-most layer getting a value of 10000000 (the GameMaker default) and counting up from there. If you want to set a custom depth value you can set the following property on the layer:

  • int depth (default: 10000000 + N)
New in Tiled 1.1

tBIN

The tBIN map format is a binary format used by the tIDE Tile Map Editor. tIDE was used by Stardew Valley, a successful game that spawned many community mods.

Tiled ships with a plugin that enables direct editing of Stardew Valley maps (and any other maps using the tBIN format). This plugin needs to be enabled in Edit > Preferences > Plugins. It is not enabled by default because it won’t store everything (most notably it doesn’t support object layers in general, nor external tilesets), so you need to know what you are doing.

Warning

The tBIN format supports setting custom properties on the tiles of a tile layer. Since Tiled does not support this directly, “TileData” objects are created that match the location of the tile, on which such properties are then stored. Care should be taken to keep these objects aligned to the grid for the saving to work correctly.

Defold

Tiled can export a map to a Defold Tile Map (*.tilemap). This component only supports tile layers and only a single tileset may be used. The plugin is disabled by default.

Upon export, the tile_set property of the Tile Map is left empty, so it will need to be set up in Defold after each export.

When any additional information from the map is needed, the map can be exported in Lua format and loaded as Defold script.

Other Formats

A few other plugins ship with Tiled to support various games:

droidcraft
Adds support for editing DroidCraft maps (*.dat)
flare
Adds support for editing Flare Engine maps (*.txt)
replicaisland
Adds support for editing Replica Island maps (*.bin)
tengine
Adds support for exporting to T-Engine4 maps (*.lua)

These plugins are disabled by default. They can be enabled in Edit > Preferences > Plugins.

Python Scripts

It is also possible to write Python scripts to add support for importing or exporting custom map formats.